mark twain short biography

Twain stayed in Hannibal until age 17. In the meantime, the debts accumulated. Mark Felt was an Associate Director at the FBI who became a secret informant and broke the Watergate story to reporters while disguised as "Deep Throat.". Twain grew up in Hannibal, Missouri and would later use that location as the setting for two of his most famous works, Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer. Because he was sickly, Clemens was often coddled, particularly by his mother, and he developed early the tendency to test her indulgence through mischief, offering only his good nature as bond for the domestic crimes he was apt to commit. He started his career as a typesetter at a newspaper, worked as a printer, a riverboat pilot, and then turned to gold mining. He was an unsmiling fellow; according to one legend, young Sam never saw his father laugh. As Halley's comet reached its perihelion — its closest point to the sun — Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born in the sleepy, little town of Florida, Missouri, on November 30, 1835. Mark Twain passed away on April 21, 1910, but has a following still today. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. A Humane Word From Satan. No doubt his temperament was affected by his worries over his financial situation, made all the more distressing by a series of business failures. Twain was born Samuel Langhorne Clemens in the tiny village of Florida, Missouri, on November 30, 1835, the sixth child of John and Jane Clemens. Childhood along the Mississippi. And the lives he might imagine for these living people could easily be embroidered by the romantic exploits he read in the works of James Fenimore Cooper, Sir Walter Scott, and others. Missouri was a slave state, and, though the young Clemens had been reassured that chattel slavery was an institution approved by God, he nevertheless carried with him memories of cruelty and sadness that he would reflect upon in his maturity. Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as Mark Twai n (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910) was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. Twain is remembered as a great chronicler of American life in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Then, in 1857, 21-year-old Twain fulfilled a dream: He began learning the art of piloting a steamboat on the Mississippi. Mark Twain, pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, (born November 30, 1835, Florida, Missouri, U.S.—died April 21, 1910, Redding, Connecticut), American humorist, journalist, lecturer, and novelist who acquired international fame for his travel narratives, especially The Innocents Abroad (1869), Roughing It (1872), and Life on the Mississippi (1883), and for his adventure stories of boyhood, especially The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885). Another cause of his angst, perhaps, was his unconscious anger at himself for not giving undivided attention to his deepest creative instincts, which centered on his Missouri boyhood. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mark-Twain, The State Historical Society of Missouri - Biography of Samuel L. Clemens, Mark Twain - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Mark Twain - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County”, “A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court”, “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County and Other Sketches”. Mark Zuckerberg is co-founder and CEO of the social-networking website Facebook, as well as one of the world's youngest billionaires. Twain became somewhat bitter in his later years, even while projecting an amiable persona to his public. Mark Twain was an American author known for his sharp wit and social commentary. However, violence was commonplace, and young Twain witnessed much death: When he was nine years old, he saw a local man murder a cattle rancher, and at 10 he watched an enslaved person die after a white overseer struck him with a piece of iron. When he was four years old, his family moved to Hannibal, a town on the Mississippi River much like the towns depicted in his two most famous novels, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884). "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. His parents met when his father moved to Missouri. After the death of his father, Sam Clemens worked at several odd jobs in town, and in 1848 he became a printer’s apprentice for Joseph P. Ament’s Missouri Courier. Biography takes you deep into the life of the great Mark Twain In 1869, The Innocents Abroad was published, and it became a nationwide bestseller. When he was 4 years old, his family moved to nearby Hannibal, a bustling river town of 1,000 people. Mark Twain Biography. A gifted raconteur, distinctive humorist, and irascible moralist, he transcended the apparent limitations of his origins to become a popular public figure and one of America’s best and most beloved writers. Twain's financial failings, reminiscent in some ways of his father's, had serious consequences for his state of mind. But nothing panned out, and by the middle of 1862, he was flat broke and in need of a regular job. He spent his boyhood in nearby Hannibal, on the banks of the Mississippi River, observing its busy life, fascinated by its romance, but chilled by the violence and bloodshed it bred. Perhaps it was a sign of the infant's rise to literary fame. Huck Finn required years to conceptualize and write, and Twain often put it aside. They contributed powerfully to a growing pessimism in him, a deep-down feeling that human existence is a cosmic joke perpetrated by a chuckling God. Mark Twain was born Samuel Langhorne Clemens on November 30, 1835, in the frontier village of Florida, Missouri. His sister Margaret died of a fever when Clemens was not yet four years old; three years later his brother Benjamin died. “Afraid I wouldn’t live?” “No,” she said, “afraid you would.”. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Some of these later works have enduring merit, and his unfinished work The Chronicle of Young Satan has fervent admirers today. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Later they moved to Hannibal of the same state where Twain’s father, a layer, got a job but, unfortunately, soon he got sick and passed away when the boy was a bit older than ten. He was of Scots-Irish, English, and Cornish ancestry. They were married in 1823. He was the sixth of seven children of Jane (née Lampton; 1803–1890), a native of Kentucky, and John Marshall Clemens (1798–1847), a native of Virginia. Mark Twain was born on November 30, 1835, in Florida, Missouri. Though he had written many articles and had worke… If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Only three of his siblings survived childhood: Orion(1825–1897), Henry (1838–1858), and Pamela (1827–1904). Mark Twain was born Samuel Langhorne Clemens in the town of Florida, Missouri, in 1835. Perhaps it was the romantic visionary in him that caused Clemens to recall his youth in Hannibal with such fondness. Hemingway's comment refers specifically to the colloquial language of Twain's masterpiece, as for perhaps the first time in America, the vivid, raw, not-so-respectable voice of the common folk was used to create great literature. After failing as a silver prospector‚ Sam began writing for the Territorial Enterprise‚ a Virginia City‚ Nevada newspaper where he used‚ for the first time‚ his pen name‚ Mark Twain. Mark Twain, pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, (born November 30, 1835, Florida, Missouri, U.S.—died April 21, 1910, Redding, Connecticut), American humorist, journalist, lecturer, and novelist who acquired international fame for his travel narratives, especially The Innocents Abroad (1869), Roughing It (1872), and Life on the Mississippi (1883), and for his adventure stories of … Mark Twain Worksheets This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Mark Twain across 19 in-depth pages. A Helpless Situation. Marcus Antonius (Mark Antony) is best known as the Roman general who was a lover of Cleopatra. Those same adventures could be reenacted with his companions as well, and Clemens and his friends did play at being pirates, Robin Hood, and other fabled adventurers. Twain suffered volcanic rages and nasty bouts of paranoia, and he experienced many periods of depressed indolence, which he tried to assuage by smoking cigars, reading in bed and playing endless hours of billiards and cards. He lived sparingly in the Ament household but was allowed to continue his schooling and, from time to time, indulge in boyish amusements. His youngest daughter, Jean, was diagnosed with severe epilepsy. Samuel Langhorne Clemens left Hannibal when he was 18 to work in New York City and Philadelphia. Television star Mark Harmon has been on long-running shows such as St. Mark Twain, the writer, adventurer and wily social critic born Samuel Clemens, wrote the novels 'Adventures of Tom Sawyer' and 'Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.’. Mark Twain Biography - Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 - April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was a famous and popular American humorist, novelist, writer and lecturer. A Burlesque Biography. Twain died on April 21, 1910, at the age of 74. The couple settled in Buffalo and later had four children. The loss broke his heart, and adding to his grief, he was out of the country when it happened. Writing to a friend shortly after his wedding, Twain could not believe his good luck: "I have ... the only sweetheart I have ever loved ... she is the best girl, and the sweetest, and gentlest, and the daintiest, and she is the most perfect gem of womankind.". Mark Rothko is best known as one of the central figures of the Abstract Expressionist movement in American art in the 1950s and '60s. What venue would bring him both excitement and cash? The town, situated on the Mississippi River, was in many ways a splendid place to grow up. He published his works with the pen name Mark Twain.

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